In the first round of the 2023 presidential elections in Turkey, we’ve depicted the results on a district-by-district basis across five distinct maps. These interactive visualizations offer a granular view of the voting percentages for candidates Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Kemal Kilicdaroglu, Sinan Ogan, and Muharrem Ince in each district. Additionally, we show the margins between the top two frontrunners ahead of the run-off.
The first round of Turkey’s presidential election on May 14 saw President Recep Tayyip Erdogan leading, but he fell short of the majority required to win reelection outright, leading to a run-off on May 28.
Erdogan’s lead in the election has left the opposition reeling, with the results being a blow to those who wished to unseat him after 20 years in power. The main opposition alliance’s presidential candidate is Kemal Kilicdaroglu.
Sinan Ogan, the Turkish nationalist candidate who campaigned on an anti-immigration platform, secured third place in the vote. He is now seen as a potential kingmaker for the run-off. The fourth candidate, Muharrem Ince, was withdrawn from the race days before the first round.
We’ve graphically represented the results of the presidential elections, district by district, allowing a nuanced understanding of the picture before the second round scheduled for May 28.
Election results in 922 districts of Turkey
How did the presidential election results unfold in the districts of major cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir? Which candidate finished the first round ahead in which districts of regions such as the Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Aegean, and Southeast Anatolia? The answers to these questions can be found in these maps.
Most map visualizations related to the May 14th election results recently featured in the Turkish media are typically conducted at the province level. Moreover, coloring an entire province based on the candidate who completed the first round in the lead can obscure important details, and even potentially lead to misleading interpretations.
Therefore, we first compiled and combined the election results according to the districts, which were previously published piecemeal as tables in news stories. We then created five maps using the Datawrapper. As per Journo’s “open data” policy, we are also providing the raw data alongside these graphics, as we always do.
The district-by-district results according to the voting percentages for the four candidates in the first round of the 2023 Turkish presidential elections are as follows:
Erdogan’s voting percentages by district
Kilicdaroglu's voting percentages by district
Ogan's voting percentages by district
Ince's voting percentages by district
The voting margins by district between Erdogan and Kilicdaroglu, who made it to the second round:
In the blue districts, Erdogan finished the first round ahead, while Kilicdaroglu led in the red ones. The darker the shade, the larger the margin of lead.